Electric cars are a great concept but not very many people know much about them. This is strange because electric cars have been around for decades. When gasoline prices were skyrocketing and everyone was worried about the price of oil, electric cars seemed like a good idea at the time. But, slowly, they started to lose their appeal.
There are some good reasons why electric cars are not as popular today as they once were.
One major problem with electric cars is that they use mechanical energy, which is difficult to convert to electrical energy. An EV or electric-powered vehicle is simply a car that uses more than one electrical motor for the sole purpose of propulsion. Typical electric vehicles appear very similar to gasoline-powered vehicles. Aside from a tail pipe and gas tank, an electric vehicle’s design is very much alike to any other typical fossil-fuel vehicle. The engine of an electric car is often placed in the front of the vehicle. So, what makes the engine so special?
To understand the mechanics of electric vehicles, it’s important to understand how they work. In an EV, an electric motor is located between the axle and the wheel. The electrical energy is routed to the motor through a series of lead acid flooded batteries. These batteries store the electrical energy that is needed to power the motor. Once the motor is running, the torque from the motor transfers the power to the drive train and the wheels of the electric vehicle shift the vehicle’s status from passenger mode to self-propelled mode.
The mechanics of how electric cars work is relatively simple. However, the electrical system itself is not that easy to understand. For an electric vehicle’s controller, there is a need to consider many factors in order for it to work. One of these factors is the charging station. Without a charging station, it would be difficult to store the energy produced by the motor into the batteries.
To accommodate the batteries and the electric motor, an electric vehicles charger is installed. There are three types of chargers: direct current (DC), alternating current (AC) and dedicated AC. The AC type allows a direct current to flow to the battery and charge it; this allows the batteries to get charged faster. The alternating current is used when the AC battery cannot hold as much energy as the DC one.
Next, we need to consider the load distribution. This is very important especially for a heavy duty electric vehicle. If the vehicle’s chassis was lightweight, the electric car motor and the batteries would also be lighter. The weight of the entire vehicle would be dependent on the weight of the batteries.
Lastly, we must consider the speed limit. Electric vehicles use a DC motor and it must have enough power to move the vehicle. In order for us to determine this, we need to use a torque converter. A torque converter optimizes the performance of the electric motor. It turns the motor to the maximum extent possible and charges the batteries up to their maximum level.
The last piece of information that we should know is about the battery. Most electric vehicles use a series of batteries that are placed parallel to each other. The number of batteries that are needed depends on the size of the vehicle and the performance. The battery would store the electrical energy that is produced by the motor. It then releases this energy to the motor once it gets the right signal from the brain. To store more energy, the vehicles’ alternator should be recharged.