Research Paper Title: Hybrid Electric Vehicles Research Overview: classification, configuration, and vehicle control

Abstract: Public and private transport play a significant role in the economy, development, and progress of a country. A well-functioning transportation system allows for expansion of markets and strengthening existing markets. It enables and promotes strong economic growth that leads to global competitiveness. An inefficient system causes an increase in commute congestion, a decrease in productivity, and loss of social relations. The objective of this study is to present the classification such as Series HEV, Parallel HEV, combination HEV. This research also discusses configuration and vehicle control. To achieve the research objective we review the relevant literature on Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV).

For the following purposes, the HEV can save fuel compared to traditional vehicles.

1. The HEV may store part of the kinetic energy of the vehicle in the battery during braking or downslope, where the heat of the conventional vehicle is otherwise incinerated in the brake drums.

2. Without compromising the efficiency of the vehicle, the ICE in the HEV can be configured to have a smaller displacement.

3. By controlling the output power of the battery to satisfy the necessary power of the vehicle, the HEV may make ICE work at the maximum efficiency point or optimum operating line.

4. HEV is a multi-energy system; the key challenge for HEV is how to maximize the flow of energy to achieve the best fuel economy or low emissions at lower costs, also referred to as the problem of energy management (EM). The problem will be addressed in-depth in the next segment.

Author Biography:

Muneer Mujahed Lyati is a Graduate of the College of Technology in mechanical engineering with a bachelor of science in mechanical engineering with a major in Engines and Vehicles. His research mainly focuses on automotive factors, hybrid cars, electrical cars, engines, and artificial intelligence

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